Many experts believe that expanding the wall in remote areas wouldn't deter determined border crossers. Are there alternatives to the wall?
Border Patrol officials want 23 miles of extra wall to cover known crossing points and a massive increase in funding for the "virtual wall": the drones, cameras, and sensors that agents use to automatically locate and track intruders. President George W.
Lunch etc. Games Quotes In elective politics, it's up or out. Wear Strong Canvas or Trekking Shoes. We were headed for a dark—it was then about ten at night—and rather sinister railway siding, where we left the car with a man in blue overalls who loaded it onto the clanking train. What's happened in Mexico? It is surrounded by a castle keep, That is an image
Bush approved a border-length virtual wall in , but the system was hopelessly ineffective — in windy conditions, it mistook trees for people. Some experts think that rather than focusing on border crossers, the government should crack down on people who overstay their visas — a group that accounts for 40 percent of the U. In the short term, Trump's election victory is expected to cause a spike in attempted illegal border crossings. The message, he says, is clear: "You better get over here before January and the swearing-in ceremony. A treacherous journey Empty water bottles. Rickety homemade ladders.
Desiccated orange peel. Remote stretches of the U. The journey, a days-long trek through the desert or mountains, holds many dangers.
Temperatures reach degrees, with little shade. There are poisonous snakes, spiders, and scorpions. People smugglers, known as coyotes, often abuse the women they're helping across the border. In the early s, the federal government prosecuted fewer than 4, people a year for re-entering the U. Changing social and economic conditions in Mexico have also had an impact. What's happened in Mexico? A big drop in the birth rate, from seven children per woman in the s to 2.
And the U. In fact, more Mexican nationals are now leaving the U. It's always possible, of course, that migration could resume at some point. What is Trump's plan? The president-elect has backed off his vow to wall off the entire border, and recently spoke of building a to foot-high precast concrete wall across 1, miles of the border; he said the rest of the border is essentially impassable because of mountains and "vicious rivers.
Many experts believe that expanding the wall in remote areas wouldn't deter determined border crossers.
Are there alternatives to the wall? Border Patrol officials want 23 miles of extra wall to cover known crossing points and a massive increase in funding for the "virtual wall": the drones, cameras, and sensors that agents use to automatically locate and track intruders. President George W.
Bush approved a border-length virtual wall in , but the system was hopelessly ineffective — in windy conditions, it mistook trees for people.
Some experts think that rather than focusing on border crossers, the government should crack down on people who overstay their visas — a group that accounts for 40 percent of the U. In the short term, Trump's election victory is expected to cause a spike in attempted illegal border crossings. Isn't it beautiful?
Having concluded my examination of the mine, I took the bucket as a medium of exit, being fully satisfied with the ladders. About half-way up the shaft the iron swing or handle to which the rope was attached caught in one of the ladders.
The rope stretched. I felt it harden and grow thin in my hands. The bucket began to tip over. It was pitch dark all around.
Jansen was far below, coming up the ladder. Something seemed to be creaking, cracking, or giving way. I felt the rough, heavy sides of the bucket press against my legs.
In the pitchy darkness and the confusion of the moment I could not conjecture what was the matter. Relieved of my weight, the iron catch swung loose, and up came the bucket banging and thundering after me with a velocity that was perfectly frightful. Never was there such a subterranean chase, I verily believe, since the beginning of the world. But such a chase could not last long. I felt my strength give way at every lift.
My only chance was to seize the rope above the bucket and hang on to it. This I did. It was a lucky thought - one of those thoughts that sometimes flash upon the mind like inspiration in a moment of peril. A few more revolutions of the whim brought me so near the surface that I could see the bucket only a few yards below my feet. He blew out the candle, and remarked to the men generally, "Boys, they've struck it rich in the new drift! We must pitch into it tomorrow! I had some doubt as to their value until I saw the result of the washing process, which settled the matter satisfactorily.
There was as nice a little deposit of pure gold in the bottom of the horn as ever I saw taken at random from any mine in California, Washoe, or Arizona. The quartz at this depth is decomposed, and runs in thin layers, between which, adhering to the surface, the gold is found. Silver exists in the bluish veins which permeate the quartz, but is not found in such abundance as the gold. The bullion rates at about ten dollars to the ounce.
There seems to be very little difference in the quality of the ores in any of the lodes extending through Bothe Bluff. The best paying mines on this coast are those that yield a moderate average. I speak of the quartz ledges of course, not of the placer diggings. Ward, yielded for a series of years, during a period of high prosperity, an average of fifty-two dollars to the ton.
The history of some of the Washoe mines, which have yielded extraordinary results under a heavy pressure of expense and labor, and which are now suffering a depression resulting from exhaustion of the upper strata, presents the most striking examples of this fact. The truth is, we are too impatient and too exacting, and expect to make fortunes as we live - by telegraphic speed. Now it is a well demonstrated fact that the best paying mines are not those which yield the richest specimens of ores.
No reliable calculation can be based upon these exceptional proofs of value. The difficulty in most cases where these rich pockets exist is, that they are isolated, or only to be found at remote intervals. It usually costs more to get at them than they are worth. None of the ores are especially rich, but the precious metals are diffused throughout the veins with great regularity. Among those the largest interests are held by time "Empire Gold and Silver Mining Company of New York," whose possessions commence at the face of the Bluff and run a thousand feet along each ledge.
The limits are strictly defined, and no litigation has yet taken place, or is likely to occur, inasmuch as the claims of each Company are duly surveyed and recorded, the boundaries accurately laid down, anti every precaution taken to prevent those contentions which have proved the ruin of so many rich mineral districts in Nevada.
I made a subterranean tour through the Bodie Bunker and Consolidated Mines belonging to this Company, and was very favorably impressed by the general indications of permanency and mineral wealth. Three thousand tons of the ores from the Bunker, taken out on contract by a Mr. In all the mines which I visited within the limits of Bodie Bluff I found the veins of nearly uniform thickness - that is to say, varying from two to five feet in gold and silver bearing quartz, with clear and well-defined walls and casings.
I was especially impressed with the fact that there appeared to be none of those subterranean "horses," which miners find so stubborn to move and so difficult to get over or under.
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The best ores have been taken out at a depth of a hundred and seventy-five feet and upward. If the undiminished width and value of the ledges at that depth can be regarded as any indication of permanency I think there can be no question on that point. Still I should be very sorry to make any statement which might mislead the public or fail to be borne out in the future. Geological science has been so often at fault that mere reasoning from such data as an unlearned tourist like myself can pick up in the course of his travels can scarcely be entitled to greater weight.
The fact, however, that most of the leading mines in Virginia City, after a period of doubt and depression, are now striking good ores at a depth of four hundred feet and upward would seem to augur favorably in regard to all other mineral lodes in the Territory. Up to the period of my visit in September the ores taken from this district were subject to an expense of eight dollars per ton for hauling, and twenty dollars a ton for working at the Aurora Mills.
In addition to the quartz ledges there are placer diggings in the Bodie range, which have yielded during ordinary seasons of rain as high as sixteen to twenty dollars a day to the hand. In fact, the "color of gold," as the miners say, can be obtained from the surface dirt taken at random from any part of the hill. Bodie Bluff In respect to the article of provisions, the proximity of the Big Meadows, Mono Lake, and Walker's Valley, where vegetable products of all kinds are now abundantly raised, is a great advantage to this district.